In addition, baking powder produces a slightly different texture in cookies than baking soda does. While baking soda will create a coarse, chewy cookie texture, baking powder will produce a light, fine cookie texture. To achieve the best cookie results, use a double-acting baking powder as a substitute.
Baking soda is typically used for chewy cookies, while baking powder is generally used for light and airy cookies. Since baking powder is comprised of a number of ingredients (baking soda, cream of tartar, cornstarch, etc.), using it instead of pure baking soda will affect the taste of your cookies.
Baking powder simply adds carbon dioxide to the equation, providing a more forceful pressure that encourages a dough to spread up and out. Without the well-developed elasticity of a bread dough, the strands of gluten in cookies would sooner snap than stretch, cracking along the surface.
It is possible to make cookies without baking soda or baking powder, but the resulting cookie will be dense. This is because carbon dioxide is not being produced by a chemical reaction that typically occurs when baking soda or powder is present in the cookie batter.
Baking soda is also typically responsible for any chemical flavor you might taste in a baked good–that bitter or metallic taste is a sign you’ve used too much baking soda in your recipe, and you have unreacted baking soda left in the food. … You may see this described as “double-acting” baking powder.
Those air bubbles are then filled with carbon dioxide from the baking soda and as a result, you get crispy cookies. … Baking cookies for a few extra minutes will also lead to crispier cookies because they have more time to spread out before they firm up. The thinner the cookie, the crispier it will be.
Since baking soda is an ingredient of baking powder, baking powder is technically the best substitute for baking soda. Gan — who noted that any substitutions may change the texture and flavor of the final dish — recommended using three times the amount of baking powder in lieu of baking soda.
Too much baking powder can cause the batter to be bitter tasting. It can also cause the batter to rise rapidly and then collapse. (i.e. The air bubbles in the batter grow too large and break causing the batter to fall.) … Too much baking soda will result in a soapy taste with a coarse, open crumb.
When you mix the butter and sugar together at high speed or for too long, you’ll aerate the dough excessively, causing the cookies to rise—and then fall—in the oven. Dough that’s too warm. Chilling solidifies the fat in the dough, which means that the cookies will melt slower under the heat of the oven.
One trick to keep in mind is that both baking powder and baking soda gives rise, but baking soda also spreads due to its leavening strength in small amounts. Think of what the recipe is trying to ultimately achieve, both taste and texture-wise, and that should give you a clue if you forget which to use.
Cream of tartar helps stabilize whipped egg whites, prevents sugar from crystallizing and acts as a leavening agent for baked goods.
Both baking powder and baking soda are leavening agents, which cause baked goods to rise.